What Is Diabetes?
Diabetes develops when the body cannot produce or use insulin, an essential hormone made in the pancreas. Insulin helps move glucose (a form of sugar) from the blood into the cells of your body.
When glucose builds up in the bloodstream, blood glucose (or blood sugar) rises, causing a condition known as hyperglycemia. When blood glucose goes too high, people experience a variety of symptoms.
The most common symptoms include:
- Increased thirst
- Frequent urination
- Weight loss
- Increased hunger
- Blurred vision
Other symptoms include:
- Tingling or numbness in the hands or feet
- Frequent skin, bladder or gum infections
- Wounds that do not heal
- Extreme fatigue
- Very dry skin
Diabetes Diagnosis & Detection
Maybe you never really thought about being tested for diabetes, but you could be showing signs of pre-diabetes and not be aware of the subtle changes in your health. Some symptoms are increased thirst, frequent urination, tiredness, blurred vision, slow healing wounds, reduced sensations in your feet, and unexplained weight loss. Your eye doctor might notice some changes in your eyes, retinopathy, on a routine eye exam, or a routine physical shows a fasting blood glucose above normal.
With the help of Ashton Glucometer you can test your blood glucose levels anytime, anywhere and at your comfort. Testing blood glucose regularly can make a huge difference in the management of diabetes. Ashton Glucometer is easy to use, provides results accurately and with great precision, requires very less blood sample (0.3ul) and has an extra large 450 memory.
What are the two major types of diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes (insulin-dependent) requires insulin to treat, is typically developed as a child or young adult, and is a disease that destroys pancreatic cells meaning no insulin production is possible.
Type 2 diabetes (non-insulin dependent diabetes) is considerably more common and typically affects people over the age of 45, who are also overweight. Those suffering from type 2 are unable to produce enough insulin, and sugar builds up in the bloodstream.
How is diabetes controlled?
Type 1 diabetes is controlled with insulin, either by regular injections of insulin or through wearing an insulin pump which drips insulin into the body through the day.
Type 2 diabetes can be controlled through diet and exercise, , although it is common for people with type 2 diabetes to need medication such as tablets or injections to help them to keep their blood sugar levels within the normal range.